Unfortunately many people face hair loss at a certain point in their lives. Most forms of hair loss are temporary, but the hair loss can also be permanent. If you’re not willing to accept your hair loss, then your first action should be to discover what type of hair loss you are dealing with. If you know that then you can determine the best way to fight it. In this article I will start by taking you through the most common causes of hair loss, and then I’ll provide you with an overview of the different types of hair loss.

The most common causes of hair loss (alopecia)

Genetics
Am i going to lose my hair in the future? To answer this question, you should look at the hair loss of your ancestors. Genetics is in fact the most important factor when it comes to hair loss. Several studies have shown that hair loss is for 80% genetically determined. The genes that determine the extent to which you have to deal with hair loss are passed through by your mother and your father. The genes you receive from your mother have a bigger influence on your hair loss than your fathers genes. To get a good indication on your future hair loss situation it’s best to look at the hair loss from your grandfather on your mother’s side.

Medicine
The purpose of medication is to cure you of nasty diseases or illnesses. Unfortunately, some medications may cause unpleasant side effects. Hair loss is a very nasty side effect that can occur. The good thing is that in almost all cases, hair loss will stop as soon as you stop taking the medication. the following list of medication have been cited as causing hair loss:

– Medicines against acne (contains a lot of vitamine A)
– Antibiotics and anti-fungal medication
– antidepressants
– Birth control pills
– Cholesterol lowering agents
– Medicines that suppress the immune system
– Medicines against cancer
– Antiepileptic drugs
– Drugs for high blood pressure
– Anabolic Steroids
– Weight loss medication
– Medicines for parkinson’s disease

Stress
Stress can certainly cause hair loss, but only if the stress lasts for a longer period of time. Characteristics of hair loss due to stress are:
– Sudden hair loss
– thinning of hair
– There is no irritation, itching or pain

If you suffer from hair loss due to prolonged or chronic stress, you can take the following action:
– Improve your blood circulation
– Remove the lactic acid from the scalp (there are special lotions or shampoos available .

Nutrition
If there is not enough protein in your diet down then your body may respond by stopping hair growth, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. This will happen after protein deficiency period of two to three months. It is a good thing that it is almost imposibble to completely miss out on proteins within your diet, but if you do suffer from protein deficiency then the following types of food are excellent protein sources: fish, meat, eggs or just a protein shake.

An overdose on vitamin A
Everyone knows that a deficiency of vitamines often leads to various physical problems, so always make sure that you take in enough vitamins. Just watch that you do not exaggerate. If you get in an overdose of vitamins it often has a negative effect, and according to the American Academy of dermatology an overdose of Vitamin A can actually cause hair loss. Therefore, make sure that you do not exceed the daily dose. The daily dose for an adult or children over 4 years is 5000 IU.

Hormones
Fluctuations in hormone levels due to pregnancy can cause hair loss, and if you stop taking the pill it can have the same effect. Next to that the hormone fluctuations that occur during menopause can also cause hair loss.

Hair Loss Shampoos

The different types of hair loss (alopecia)

In the overview below , I provided a brief description per types of hair loss and also added some advice on how to handle the specific type of hair loss.

Alopecia androgenetica on men
The androgenic alopecia is commonly referred to as a hair loss with a genetic background. The cause is the hormone DHT (dihydrotestosterone). If the scalp contains alot of DHT, and there is an inherited sensitivity to DHT then this will have impact on the hairgrowth cycle. The DHT will cause the growth phase to be a lot shorter. A bald person has has the same number of hair follicles compared to someone with a full head of hair, but the growth phase of the hair has become so short that the hair is barely visible to the eye. The typical pattern of male hair loss begins at the hairline or the crown. In the final stage your hairline have moved backwards so much that will meet the balding crown. The only hairs that remain on your head (these are not affected by DHT) are located on the side and back of the head. You will see a typical pattern in the shape of a horseshoe. More than 40 percent of men over 30 suffer from androgenetic alopecia.

Male pattern baldness

Alopecia androgenetica on women
Female pattern hair loss ( HVP) will become visible because it begins to decrease the density of the hair. It can develop after puberty at any age. Under the age the risk of dealing with HVP is almost minimal but as age progresses, the risk of female pattern hair loss increases. If a woman passes the age of 70, the chance of HVP will increase to 33%. HVP will get worse as your age increases, so if HVP already occurs at a young age then your hair will eventually be pretty thin. it almost never occurs that a woman will become completely bold due to HVP.

Alopecia diffusa
You’re dealing with diffuse hair loss also known as Alopecia diffusa when the density of your hair all over your head decreases. If there are more than 80-100 hairs falling out every day over a period of several weeks you are dealing with alopecia diffusa . This type of hair loss is unfortunately quite common. It is more common in women than in men. There can be many causes of diffuse hair loss. Some examples are:
-stress
-chronical infections
-side-effects drugs
disorders in the metabolism
deficit of vitamins
-a malfunctioning thyroid
-blood disorders

Before you can determine the most effective treatment you will need to figure out what is causing the hair loss.

Alopecia areata
Alopecia areata is one of the most common hair diseases. It can occur at any age, but most often manifests itself between the age of 20th and 30th. Alopecia areata causes recognizable round bald spots that are usually located on top of the head. On the edge of the bald spots are often short thin hairs. Small spots alopcia areata usually recover completely, but in case of serious Alopecia areata the outlook is a lot worse. The best way to treat alopecia areata is by using corticosteroid ointment.

Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata

Alopecia Totalis
Alopecia totalis is a severe form of alopecia areata where someone loses all the hair.

Alopecia Universalis
Alopecia universalis is the most severe form of alopecia areata. Alopecia Universalis will cause the loss of hair on your head (including eyebrows and eyelashes) and also your bodyhair.

Alopecia Barbae
Alopecia barbae is a form of alopecia areata, that will only locate itself in the beard area. It may be limited to a single bald spot, but it can also ensure that there is almost no beard growth taking place.

Alopecia cicatricialis
Alopecia cicatricialis is a collective term for all types of hair loss that create scars on the scalp. The hair follicles will become irreparably damaged and the hair loss is therefore unfortunately permanently. Alopecia cicatricialis can have many different causes. Examples of these causes are:
– Bacterial infection
– Mold
– Certain types of cancer
– Combustion
– Inflammation
It is important that you treat Alopecia cicatricialis as soon as possible , before your scalp gets irreparably damaged.

Telogeen defluvium
This is a form of hair loss where hairs fall out more often than normal. The cause is a severe form of stress. If you are dealing with Telogeen defluvium you can clearly notice that the hair is thinning. Unlike other hair diseases and disorders is hair loss fortunately only temporary and will usually recover fully.

Telogeen defluvium

Telogeen defluvium

Anagen Effluvium
This type of hair loss is usually caused by chemicals, such as those commonly used in the fight against cancer. In the beginning, these chemicals will cause bald spots, but over time you will lose your hair. The positive thing is that this type of hair loss is only temporary and your hair growth will recover once the treatment is stopped. After a period of approximately six months you can expect to see new hair growth again .

Traction Alopecia
Most people that suffer from traction alopecia always put tension on their hair. This tension is caused by wearing tight braids or hair extensions. This condition therefore occurs mainly in women, especially women of Indian or African-American descent. The hair loss is determined by the way it has been under stress and the duration. When this tension has been made long enough, it can cause damage to the development of the hair follicles and lead to permanent hair loss. It is important that you recognize Traction alopecia at an early stage and then immediately remove the tension of the hair. It will then take about six months before the hair growth process is fully recovered.

Tinea capitis
Tinea capitis ( ringworm of the scalp) is a fungal infection of the scalp that occurs mostly on children throughout primary school. The fungus almost never occur on adults. The fungus is located on parts of the scalp or to the entire scalp. As a result of the fungus your hair will break and bald spots will appear. The skin is often red and swollen. The fungus is very contagious. If you have contracted the fungus the best thing you can do is to visit a doctor straight away. He will probably prescribe itraconazole. Once the infection is healed your hair growth will restore.